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Tag Archives: History

China GDP

Investment as % of GDP

Posted on 2016/01/28.


% Change in GDP, Value-added of Major Industries and Retail Sales


GDP Growth % – Quarterly between 2011 and 2012

GDP Growth % – Quarterly between Q1, 2009 and Q1, 2012

Nominal GDP and Real GDP Growth % between 1979 and 2009


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Nominal GDP between 1952 and 2005


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China’s GDP Per Capita, 1800 to 1950

China’s GDP Per Capita, 1950 to 1976

Per Capital Output of Major Industrial Products Since 1978

History Of Japanese Economic Growth and Inflation

Annotated Data Since 1869

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Source: Goldman Sachs

Historical Policy Rates of U.S., U.K., Japan, Germany and Euro Zone

Data Since 1857


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The Long-term Ups and Downs of Japanese Growth

GDP Growth per Capita Since 1869


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Very Long Term Historical Financial Charts

700 Years of Long Term Government Bond Yields to 1285


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Global Financial Data has put together an index of Government Bond yields that uses bonds from each of the centers of economic power over time to trace the course of interest rates over the past seven centuries.

From 1285 to 1600, Italian bonds are used. Data are available for the Prestiti of Venice from 1285 to 1303 and from 1408 to 1500 while data from 1304 to 1407 use the Consolidated Bonds of Genoa and the Juros of Italy from 1520 to 1598.

General Government Bonds from the Netherlands are used from 1606 to 1699.

Yields from Britain are used from 1700 to 1914, using yields on Million Bank stock (which invested in government securities), from 1700 to 1728 and British Consols from 1729 to 1918.

From 1919 to date, the yield on US 10-year bond is used.

Economic Performance of U.S.A.

EPI Score from 1790 to 1900


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EPI Score from 1900 to 2010


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The Economic Performance Index (EPI) is a macro-indicator that examines the overall performance of a country’s economy and reports any deviation from the desired level of economic performance.

Similar to the construction of GDP, which measures the overall output of an economy, the EPI reflects the active in the economy’s three main sectors: households, firms, and government.

The EPI comprises variables that influence all three sectors simultaneously:

  • the inflation rate as a measure of the economy’s monetary stance;
  • the unemployment rate as a measure of the economy’s production stance;
  • the budget deficit as a percentage of total GDP as a measure of the economy’s fiscal stance; and
  • the change in real GDP as a measure of the aggregate performance of the entire economy.

An EPI score can be calculated annually, quarterly, or monthly by taking a total score of 100 percent and subtracting the inflation rate, the unemployment rate, the budget deficit as a percentage of GDP, and, finally, adding back the percentage change in real GDP, all weighted and calculated as deviations from their desired values.

A grade is then assigned to these scores to further communicate economic performance in a manner easily understood by everyone. This methodology is effective for measuring economic performance for economies at a national, subnational, or multinational level.

Source: The Economic Performance Index (EPI): an Intuitive Indicator for Assessing a Country’s Economic Performance Dynamics in an Historical Perspective

U.S. Real GDP from 1790 to 2012

Decade Average Growth


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U.S. Private and Public Debt as a % of GDP Since 1870

History of Financial Innovations

Data Since 600 BC


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History of the Last Financial Crisis

Data from Mid-2007 to 2010


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