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The Unbelievable Hidden Meaning Of Popular Emojis

You probably use emojis all the time without thinking about their hidden meanings. But did you know that each emoji has a secret message? Some Emojis are pretty straightforward, but others have hidden meanings that you might not expect.

In a simple explanation, emojis are pictographs that are used to add emotional context to digital messages. But over the years, these emojis have taken on a life of their own, becoming symbols in their own right. Here are some popular Emojis and the hidden messages they could be sending.

1. 💅 Nail Polish

This nail polish emoji is often used to respond between conversations. But depending on the situation, it can have different hidden meanings.

It can mean that you or the person you’re talking to isn’t interested in what’s being discussed. If someone sends you a message with this emoji, they might be trying to end the conversation or change the topic.

Alternatively, it can also be used as a form of sass or sarcasm. For instance, it can be a response indicating that you’re unbothered about something that someone said about you.

2. 🐍 Snake

This snake emoji is often used to signify that someone is being deceitful or dangerous. It can also be used as a warning about someone who seems friendly but may have ulterior motives. If someone speaks ill of you behind your back and then feigns concern when in your presence, you might refer to them as a “snake” in real life. This emoji conveys the same message.

3. 🍆 Eggplant

One of the most popular and controversial emojis on the list is the eggplant emoji. It is often used for topics on posts, chats, and/or messages that have sexual content. Due to its shape, it is often used as a stand-in for a penis or male genitalia. Someone might be trying to send you a dirty message if they send you this emoji.

4. 🍌 Banana

This emoji is another one with hidden sexual meanings. It’s often used as a stand-in for a penis, due to its shape and size. So if someone sends you this Emoji, they could be trying to send you a dirty message.

Alternatively, it can also be used in a non-sexual way to represent something ‘crazy,’ or ‘wacky.’ For example, if you see a funny meme online, you might reply with the banana emoji to show that you found it amusing.

5. 🎣 Fishing Pole And Fish

The fishing emoji is a popular choice among texters when they’re trying to extract information from the person they are messaging. For example, you’re trying on getting a scoop from a gossip. However, it can also be used with less pure intentions; like if someone is asking around for personal info that they could use against you in some capacity.

If you receive this emoji from someone, be careful about what information you share. It’s best to err on the side of caution and only share information that you’re comfortable with sharing.

Meanwhile, this emoji can also be used as a way to describe being addicted or obsessed with someone or something. For example, you might be hooked on a TV show, meaning you can’t stop watching it.

6. 🥑 Avocado

In the early days of emoji, avocado emoji would mean ‘basic,’ which is someone who likes mainstream things and trends.

But now it got a new meaning, especially on TikTok, as users on social media use the avocado for couples who want to flex or introduce the person they’re in a relationship with. It directly translates to ‘my better half.’

7. 💀 Skull

The skull emoji is most commonly used to describe something that is funny. For example, you might see it on social media with the caption “I’m dead from laughing.”

Another popular use for the skull emoji is to describe someone who is good-looking. In this case, you might see it with the caption such as, “his beauty could kill me.”

8. 🚩 Triangle Flag

The triangle flag emoji is generally used to symbolize a warning or danger. It might be representative of an oncoming hazard, or it could be employed to point out someone’s hazardous behavior.

For instance, when posting on social media to give a heads-up about something that could be triggering for people or to simply give a warning about scams or advice about being careful online.

This emoji can also be used in a more general sense to describe something that is unexpected or surprising.

9. 🍑 Peach

The most popular meaning of this emoji is that it’s a code for butt. In other words, it can be used to compliment someone’s butt or send a flirtatious message. Because of the shape of the fruit which technically resembles the body part of a human from behind. Thus, the color also indicates the smoothness of someone’s butt.

10. 🐐 Goat

This emoji is slang for which the initials stand for ‘Greatest Of All Time.’ It’s used to describe someone who is really good at something or considered the best in their field. For example, this emoji can be used when someone is talented indicating that they’re the ‘GOAT.’

Alternatively, it can also be used as a way to call someone a ‘goat’ for doing something stupid. For example, if your friend does something embarrassing, you might say “you’re such a goat!” But keep in mind that this would always depend on the context and your relationship with this person.

11. 🥴 Woozy Face

This emoji has a hidden meaning which indicates you’ve had too much of something. In general, it is commonly used when talking about drinks, but this could also indicate other things such as something related to sexual activities.

For instance, this emoji could be used by a female who had intense lovemaking last night. However, this topic is not openly discussed and could deter as secret codes between two individuals talking about sexual experiences in private (Direct/Private Message). It’s like saying, “I had rough sex last night and I feel tired.”

12. 🖕 Middle Finger

This emoji is used to give someone the ‘middle finger.’ It’s a way of flipping someone off or telling them to ‘fuck off.’ Obviously, this is a very offensive gesture, so use it wisely.

On the other hand, this emoji can also be used in other circumstances pertaining to sexual activities. This is commonly used for that topic together with other emojis that are also sexual-related to emphasize something. Such as a middle finger and peach emoji which implies ‘fucking from behind.’

13. 🧢 Baseball Cap

The baseball cap emoji, also known as the billed cap or blue hat emoji is a way of indicating that someone is lying or not telling the truth. It’s also used to call out lies. For example, if you think your friend is being dishonest about something, you might say “stop lying!”

If you disagree with what someone is saying or doing, another way to phrase it would be “you’re full of shit.”

Another example of it, and probably the most common, is when people say online “no 🧢!” which can translate to any of the following like “no lie,” “no shit,” or “tell the truth.” If someone posted “I’m not going to drink again! No 🧢.” It means that he or she is not lying about it.

14. 😵 Dizzy Face

This could sexually mean that you’ve reached the climax. For instance, the topic is about a sexual experience and this emoji, depending on the context of the conversation, could imply that you’ve reached cloud nine.

The ‘x’ refers to the eyes which are at a loss of thought, while the mouth that is wide open implies of something was released.

15. 🎪 Circus Tent

This circus tent emoji is used to describe something that’s crazy or out of control. It can be a situation, such as a party, or it can be used to describe someone’s behavior. For example, if you see someone acting wild or doing something outrageous, you might say “this is a circus!”

On the side, this emoji can also be used to indicate when a guy gets a boner and his pants or shorts stands out like a tent. Additionally, it can be intensified when used with other emoji such as the milk emoji, ice cream, and/or lollipop emoji to imply a sexual desire.

16. 🍭 Lollipop

This emoji, just like the eggplant and banana, could make a flirtatious message as it also refers to a man’s dick. The only difference is that it also implies that it could be already licked and/or someone is interested in sex.

In most cases, this emoji is used on many dating sites or apps when the conversation is getting intense. Nonetheless, using it on a public post should usually not sound flirtatious. Unless it is used as a caption on thirst-trap posts like a photo of a man half-naked.

17. 🥨 Pretzel

The pretzel emoji can be used in two ways: to describe when someone is stressed (e.g., “I’m all tied up in knots!”), or to describe when someone is twistedly crazy (e.g., you’re pretzel crazy!). The context and relationship with this person would dictate whether the latter is a compliment or an insult. Once again, the context and relationship with this person would dictate whether this is a compliment or an insult.

It’s also a substitute to describe a hot sex position, the pretzel emoji is the perfect way to show your partner how you want them to twist and position your body. It can also be a way to describe and remember how flexible they are during kinky bedroom activities.

18. 🦋 Butterfly

The butterfly emoji is often used as a code for drugs. This is because the butterflies are related to happiness and peace, and so can describe the feeling someone gets when under the influence of illegal substances. But sometimes, using this emoji alone is not enough to pinpoint getting high which is why it is accompanied by other emojis like a syringe or pill.

On a positive note, this emoji can also be used when describing something or someone beautiful.

19. 🌮 Taco

This emoji has multiple meanings as well. The most popular one is that it’s used as a code for vaginas. This is because the shape of a taco resembles the shape of a woman’s genital part.

But keep in mind that this would all depend on the situation since this emoji can either have a literal or metaphorical meaning based on the context to be used.

20. 💦 Sweat Droplets

This emoji has a secret meaning which is often used by people pertaining to something mature. It’s used as a code for ‘release.’ For example, if you see this emoji on social media, it might be used to refer to ‘ejaculation’ in a subtle way.

Alternatively, it can also be used as a way of calling out someone for being ‘thirsty.’ For example, if you think someone is being a little too eager or desperate, you might say “you’re so thirsty!”

21. 🎤 Microphone

This emoji is often used to describe male orgasm. It’s like you know when a person reached the climax, someone’s voice or panting is getting loud. On the other hand, using this emoji alone would not directly imply something sexual unless the topic is already about it.

In most situations, if you want to use it that relates to sexual content, it is accompanied by other emojis. For example, you might use the microphone emoji along with the eggplant emoji directly refer to male orgasm.

22. 👌 Ok Hand

This emoji is often used as a way to describe when something is ‘cool,’ ‘good,’ or ‘acceptable.’ On the other hand, it can also depict to represent sex.

Depending on the context or situation when posting or messaging, this emoji could gesture getting fucked or it can also describe when someone’s referring to the size of a male’s genitalia. Either way, determining its meaning is not that hard when it is used along with a context, but if it is used as a standalone post or reply, it will all depend on the situation.

23. 🐕 Dog

The dog emoji also has two secret meanings. The most popular one is that it’s used as a code for cocaine. This is because dogs are often known for being hyperactive which has the same characteristics as someone who is high on an illegal substance.

On the other hand, this emoji can also describe someone as a loser. This is synonymous with when a bully calls someone an underdog.

24. 💉 Syringe

This emoji has a few different meanings as well. First, it could mean drugs since there is an illegal substance that uses syringes to inject into someone.

The second meaning is that it could describe when someone is hooked on something. For example, a syringe used with coffee would imply someone who is addicted to coffee.

25. 💊 Pill

There are a number of different meanings for the pill emoji. It’s used as a code for drugs or when someone is sick.

However, it may also mean differently if used with other emojis like a smiley face emoji which translates to a happy pill. A happy pill simply means something or someone that gives your good vibes.

Meanwhile, when the pill emoji is used with the face with medical mask emoji, it would mean that you’re sick like having flu.

26. 🐝 Bee

This emoji has a few different meanings as well. The most popular one is that it’s used to describe someone who is ‘busy.’ For example, if you’re messaging your friend and they’re taking a while to respond, you might say “where have you been? I’ve been trying to reach you for hours!” In this case, the bee emoji would be used to describe how ‘busy’ your friend has been.

Alternatively, it can also be used as a way of calling someone ‘stingy.’ For example, if you think your friend is being too tight with their money, you might say “stop being so stingy!” As you can see, the bee emoji can have both positive and negative connotations.

Lastly, it can also be used to describe Beyoncé. Fans of the celebrity often use this emoji when tweeting or posting relating to her. For example, if a fan is listening to Beyoncé’s music, they might say “I’m jamming to some Bee right now!”

27. ✊ Raised Fist

This emoji could represent something sexual, especially when used by other sexual-related emojis such as the sweat droplets emoji. When used, it could mean masturbation.

But using this alone should not always depict sexual-related posts or messages. Others use this to imply power, fight, or standing up for a belief or a cause. However, keep in mind that this emoji can also be sensitive as in other cultures, it could imply a protest.

28. 🔌 Electric Plug

This electric plug emoji could represent something sexual, especially when used by other sexual-related emojis such as the sweat droplets emoji. When used, it could mean masturbation.

But using this alone should not always depict sexual-related posts or messages. Others use this to imply power, fight, or standing up for a belief or a cause. However, keep in mind that this emoji can also be sensitive as in other cultures, it could imply a protest.

29. 🔩 Nut And Bolt

This nut and bolt emoji is another emoji that vary its meaning depending on how it is used. For example, it can be used as a way of calling someone ‘crazy.’ For example, if you think your friend is acting a little strange, you might say “you’re nuts!” or “you’re crazy!”

Alternatively, it can also be used to describe when two people are ‘tight’ or ‘close.’ For example, if you’re good friends with someone, you might say “we’re like two nuts and bolts!” As you can see, this emoji can have both positive and negative connotations.

Lastly, it could mean screwing someone—to bully or assault (sexually).

30. 🥜 Peanut

A peanut emoji has a few different meanings. The most popular one is that it’s used to describe when two people are ‘compatible.’ For example, if you think you and your friend are a perfect match, you might say “we’re compatible as peanuts!”

Next, it can also be used as an innuendo for ejaculation/orgasm. Lastly, it could mean testicles or a man’s balls.

31. 🔨 Hammer

Using this hammer emoji would vary as it can mean different things. First, it can be used wholesomely when you’re congratulating or approving someone’s deed. For example, “you nailed it!” is a way of saying “you did a great job.” In this sense, the hammer emoji would be used positively.

Alternatively, it can also be used in a flirtatious way which means to nail someone or to fuck someone. Thus, using this emoji to convey this message is usually on direct messaging and not on the post.

32. 👅 Tongue

The most popular use of a tongue emoji is when someone is being flirty. When used with other emojis like the eggplant, peach, or sweat droplets emojis, it is contacting something sexual. For example, someone is trying to lure a person to have sex.

33. 🌽 Corn

This emoji is used nowadays to depict something x-rated like porn. This is because corn sounds like porn. Oftentimes, this emoji would be seen between two people exchanging messages on a public or semi-public social media platform but don’t want to directly be vulgar.

Additionally, this emoji would be most likely accompanied by the pasta emoji which refers to as ‘noods’ or nudes as because of the noodles in the pasta.

34. 🦴 Bone

This emoji also has secret meanings depending on how it is used. For one, it can imply when someone’s having a boner since it sounds like a ‘bone-er.’ For example, if you think someone’s attractive, you might say “he/she is giving me boners!”

Alternatively, it can be used to describe a sexual act that is often called ‘boning’ (bone-ing) or ‘fucking.’ Lastly, it may also mean a man’s penis just like the eggplant and banana emojis.

35. 🥤 Cup With Straw

This emoji is used as a way of indicating that someone is thirsty. For example, if you see someone you’re attracted to, you might say “I’m so thirsty!” In this case, the cup with straw emoji would be used to describe how thirsty you are.

At the same time, indicating thirst could mean different things as it may refer to the literal meaning or metaphorical but sexual. In this case, the emoji would be used to describe how horny you are.

36. 🍝 Pasta

As mentioned earlier, the pasta emoji would secretly depict nudes—like photos or videos. This is because in pasta there is a noodle, and its first syllable sounds like the word nude. Additionally, the fork in the emoji indicates ‘fucking’ which could mean to ‘fucking someone.’

On the other hand, using this emoji alone is not always depicting something sexual-related context.

37. 🤙 Call Me Hand (Shaka) Emoji

While, in general, this emoji implies that someone wants to communicate with you via phone call, it can also have other meanings.

Nowadays, this hand sign emoji is used, instead, when wanting to seal a promise, or when someone wants to approve of something informally. This is because it somewhat looks like making a pinky promise.

38. 🤡 Clown

Clowns are generally associated with being happy and funny, but they can also be seen as creepy or scary. This is why this emoji can have two different meanings.

The first meaning is that it can be used as a way of calling someone creepy or scary. For example, if you think your friend is being cryptic, you may use this emoji to describe him or her.

Alternatively, it can also be used to refer to someone who talks shit. For example, you got stood up by someone after planning something with him or her. It’s like saying that you got fooled—which clowns do on their skits.

39. 🐙 Octopus

An octopus emoji may refer to cuddling or snuggling. For example, if you’re feeling cold or lonely, you may use this emoji to post which translates that you need someone to cuddle.

Alternatively, it can also be used as a way of describing someone who is clingy. For example, if you think your friend is being too clingy, this emoji would be the perfect way to describe how you’re feeling.

40. 👻 Ghost

This emoji is used on social media when conveying a message that indicates being ghosted or dumped without explanation. For example, if you’ve been messaging someone and they suddenly stop responding, you might say “I think I’m being ghosted.”

Alternatively, it can also be used to describe when something is ‘haunting’ you. For example, if you can’t get over a past relationship, you might use this emoji.

Lastly, it can also be used to describe when someone is acting ‘strange.’ For example, if you think your friend is being a little weird, you use this emoji to say “what’s up with you? You’re being ghost-like!”


The trophy emoji is used when someone has accomplished something or achieved a goal. But it can also convey a secret message when praising someone the person spent the night with after a date.

For example, if you had a great time on a date and you want to praise the other person without being too obvious, you can use this emoji. In this case, the trophy emoji would be used to describe how ‘awesome’ the other person is.

42. 💨 Dashing Away

A dashing away emoji is used when someone is smoking a pot. It can also describe when someone is high. For example, if your friend is acting really strange and you think it’s because they’re high, you might use this emoji.

On a different note, this emoji may also be used when describing someone who is moving fast to dash away. For example, someone wants to avoid getting caught.

43. 🧚Fairy

This fairy emoji is used to describe when someone is being an attention seeker. For example, this emoji would be fitting to use as a comment on an issue.

Another meaning of this emoji could imply when someone is really girly whether through action or through looks. For example, a friend posted a photo in a beautiful dress. This emoji could be used to comment on social media posts.

44. 🙃 Upside-Down Smiley Face

When you see an upside-down smiley face emoji, it could mean the person is being sarcastic. However, this could also be a joke or an insult. For example, if you’re not interested in the topic in the chat conversation and see this emoji, it may convey to you that the other person is uninterested as well.

In short, this emoji typically means “yeah, sure” or “I don’t believe you”.

45. 💩 Poo

The poo emoji has a few different meanings, but it is most popularly used to describe when something is really disgusting. For example, you might see something that makes you want to vomit and say “that’s so disgusting, it looks like poo!” In this case, the poo emoji would be used to express how gross the thing is.

Alternatively, it can also be employed to describe someone as dumb. So if your friend does something idiotic, you use this emoji along with the words “what are you? Poo?”

46. 🤏 Pinching Hand

The pinching hand emoji is typically used to describe someone who’s being cheap. For example, if you see somebody haggling over a price, you could use this emoji to show your disapproval.

This emoji can also be seen as a way of indirectly calling someone stupid. So, if you want to say that someone is really dumb without directly saying it, this would be the perfect opportunity to drop this little guy into your conversation.

47. 🔒 Locked

The most popular hidden meaning of this locked emoji is that it’s used to describe when something is incredibly private. So, if you want to say that something is confidential, you might use this emoji.

This emoji can also be used to show that something or someone is off-limits. For example, let’s say you see a toy that another child is playing with and you’re not allowed to have it; in this case, you would use the ‘no entry’ sign emoji next to the object. Another way this meaning manifests itself in relationships: somebody could be taken and therefore unavailable.

48. 🍁 Maple Leaf

This emoji is secretively used to symbolize cannabis or drugs in general. For example, if you want to talk about smoking weed, you might use this emoji instead of an actual cannabis leaf.

This can be accompanied by other emojis like the pill, syringe, and/or rocket to intensify the meaning.

It can also be used to describe when someone is high. For example, if your friend is acting really strange and you think it’s because they’re high, you might use this emoji.

50. 🔪 Kitchen Knife

A kitchen emoji secretly means a mood swing when someone wants to cause destruction.

However, use this emoji with extreme caution as it could be interpreted as a threat. If used carelessly, you might get into trouble. For example, only use this emoji to describe how someone is feeling if they are about to fight someone else and not in a public post where others can misinterpret it.

51. 🙏🏼Two Folded Hands

This emoji has a few different meanings. The most popular one is that it’s used as a way of saying “thank you”. For example, if someone does something nice for you, you might use this emoji to say “thank you so much!”

Alternatively, it can also be used as a way to express desperation in naughty times such as when a person is horny. When used during sexting, it can be translated to, “I need you right now (for sex)” or “can we have sex?”

52. 🎠 Carousel

The carousel emoji may look innocent but it has a hidden meaning. This emoji is popularly used to talk about oral sex. For example, if you want to ask someone if they want to perform oral sex on you, you might use this emoji.

This emoji can also be accompanied by other emojis to intensify the meaning. For example, it can be accompanied by the nut and bolt (screw) emoji which translates to a sex position where you or your partner is riding you while reaching the climax.

53. 🚗 Car

The car emoji is mostly seen on posts or comments relating to traveling or vacation. But did you know that this emoji can also be used in a kinky way? This emoji can be a substitute for the carousel emoji which expresses sexual activity.

For instance, it can translate to, “take you on a ride,” or “let me / I will ride you.”

54. 🧈 Butter

This butter emoji is not just used for food-related purposes. It can also be used as a way of throwing shade at someone. For example, if you think your friend is really fake, you might use this emoji to describe how you feel about them.

In short, using this emoji could imply that someone is “smooth” or “slippery”. So, be careful how you use it as it could be interpreted in different ways.

Thus, it can also be used as a mature meaning that describes how a sex experience has been. For example, if the topic is about having sex and someone asked your experience, this emoji would translate to “smooth like butter,” which translates to “great!”

55. 🥁 Drum

The drum emoji is another one that has a hidden meaning more than its literal meaning as an instrument. This emoji is used to describe sex. How do you use the drum? You bang it, right? And as we all know, bang or banging is slang for sex.

56. 😭 Loudly Crying

In a sexual context, the loudly crying face emoji could translate two different meanings. First, it could mean that the sex was not good and you don’t like it. It’s more like an exaggeration expression but bad sex is bad sex, you know.

Second, it could mean the feeling of overly missing getting laid or having one. In this case, this expression emphasizes that you had no action in bed for quite a while and you miss the feeling.

57. 🧿 Nazar Amulet

A Nazar amulet emoji is a slang emoji for next-level eye emoji. It is used as a way of throwing shade or giving the silent treatment. For example, if you see someone you don’t like, you might use this emoji to describe how you feel about them.

The Nazar amulet emoji can also be used as a way of warding off evil spirits. For example, if you feel like you’re being watched or someone is out to get you, you might use this emoji for protection.

58. 😏 Smirking Face

A smirking face emoji is used to describe when someone is being really cocky or smug. For example, if you see someone who is being really arrogant, you might use this emoji to describe how they’re feeling.

Alternatively, it can also be used as a way of flirting. For example, if you want to flirt with someone, you might use this emoji to let them know you’re interested.

59. 😈 Smiling Face With Horns

A smiling face with horns emoji is used to describe when someone is being really mischievous. For example, if you see someone who is up to no good, you might use this emoji to describe how they’re feeling.

It can also be used as a way of throwing shade at someone. For example, if you think someone is really annoying, you might use this emoji to describe how you feel about them.

Lastly, this emoji can be used to flirt with someone. The horns express the feeling of naughtiness which can suggest doing something adventurous.

60. 🤠 Cowboy Hat Face

A cowboy hat face emoji is used to describe when someone is really tough. For example, if you see someone who is acting like they’re not afraid of anything, you might use this emoji to describe how they’re feeling.

It can also be used as a way of describing when someone is being really feeling horny. When this emoji is used, it is like sending the message that ‘it’s on’ and you’re ready for some action (in bed).

61. 🥅 Goal Net

The goal net emoji indicates the desire to score or succeed. And its hidden meaning is likewise. It is used to describe when someone is really determined to achieve something. For example, if you see someone who is working really hard to achieve their goals, you might use this emoji to describe how they are.

It can also be used as a way of describing to score with someone whether it is a date or hookup.

62. 🧎‍♀️Kneeling Person

This emoji is used to describe when someone is begging or pleading. For example, if you see someone who is begging for money, you might use this emoji.

It can also be used as a way of describing when someone is begging for forgiveness. For example, if you see someone who is apologizing for their mistakes, you might use this emoji to describe how they are feeling.

Lastly, it can be used when you are or you have a submissive partner. In sexting, this indicates that someone is ready to go under the dominant partner in bed.

64. 🥺 Pleading Face

This emoji is used to describe when someone is begging or pleading. For example, if you see someone who is begging for money, you might use this emoji.

It can also be used as a way of describing someone pleading to score or to get laid. In short, it can be a substitute for two folded hands emoji.

65. 💋 Kiss Mark

The kiss mark emoji has a hidden meaning which describes a hickey. A hickey is a mark left on the skin after someone has been kissed forcefully.

The hidden meaning of this emoji can be used as a way of bragging about getting laid or scoring with someone. For example, if you see someone who has a hickey, you might use this emoji to describe what they did.

Alternatively, it can also be used as an invitation to make out with someone.

66. 🤤 Drooling Face

The drooling face emoji is used to describe when someone is really hungry. It can also be used as a way of describing when someone is really horny and they’re thinking about sex.

67. 🍃 Leaf Fluttering In Wind

While one person would think of its literal meaning which is the fall season, others would think of its hidden meaning. The hidden meaning is associated with cannabis or marijuana. This emoji is used in place of an actual cannabis leaf.

It is often accompanied by other emojis like the pill, syringe, and/or rocket to intensify the meaning. It can also be used as a way of asking if someone wants to smoke weed.

68. 🍒 Cherries

The cherries emoji can have a few different meanings. The most popular one is that it is used to describe when someone is a virgin. For example, if you see someone who you think is a virgin, you might use this emoji to describe how they are.

Lastly, it can be used in a sexual way. When someone uses this emoji with the peach, it can describe a woman you want to hit or get laid in bed with.

69. Cat Face 🐱

The cat face emoji can have different interpretations. It may mean the actual animal, a description of someone playful or clingy, it can be slang for a vagina or slang for being a coward. For example, someone may use this emoji to describe a vagina in sexting.

Its meaning varies depending on the context and situation of how it is used.

70. Pineapple 🍍

The pineapple emoji is a yellow fruit with brown spikes on top. It is most commonly used to represent tropical places and vacations. However, it can also mean other things depending on the context.

This emoji can describe the relationship status of lovers who are rough on the outside but sweet inside.

Alternatively, this emoji can be suggestive to sexual connotation which is the practice of swinging or regularly sharing partners.

71. Steaming Bowl 🍜

When you see the steaming bowl emoji, it typically means one of two things. It can be used as a visual representation of actual noodles, or a sexual innuendo for nudes.

This can have the same interpretation as the pasta emoji that both have noodles.

72. Pancakes 🥞

The pancakes emoji is often thought of as a representation of a staple breakfast or food. However, this emoji has a hidden meaning or slang. It is said that the emoji depicts a flat butt which is the opposite of the peach emoji which represents a rounded shape butt.

The emoji can also be slang for a sexual position where a group of people is on top of each other while having sex.

73. Chair 🪑

The chair emoji typically just represent just a chair. On the other hand, it can be a code for something spicy that not everyone knows.

It can be slang for a body part or can be used to say “sit on my face” during sex.

74. Screwdriver 🪛

The screwdriver emoji is used to represent repairing something. But depending on the context, it can have another meaning such as “crazy,” “messed up (situation),” and/or “to have sex.” And because of its shape, it can also represent a man’s genitalia.

75. Biting Lip

The biting lip emoji is a somewhat pretty straightforward emoji because of how it looks. It is often related to flirting or seduction. Depending on the context, its meaning varies.

However, when used as a caption to a very sexy post, its meaning is suggestive of something sexual. It could convey the message of feeling horny or arousal.

76. Chestnut 🌰

The chestnut emoji may look innocent but it has hidden meanings that represent different private parts such as testicles, breasts, and nipples. This is because of its color and shape.

And when used with other suggestive emojis, its sexual connotation becomes more evident which is why using this emoji should come with discretion. This is if you’re sending this to someone that you’re not close with.

77. Cut Of Meat 🥩

The cut of meat emoji can also be used as a sexual innuendo. This emoji when sent is slang for sex.

When used in this context, it is often paired with other emojis, such as the eggplant emoji or the peach emoji, or its sexual meaning is easier to understand depending on the situation or context.

78. Rooster 🐓

The rooster emoji depicts a rooster that is standing, but aside from its literal meaning, it has other meanings. This emoji can be a code for cockiness or arrogance which of course describes a person’s attitude.

The other hidden meaning of this emoji is it can be used as slang for a man’s penis. This is due to the fact that the other name for a rooster is a cock.

79. Japanese Goblin 👺

The Japanese goblin 👺 emoji, or simply goblin emoji depicts trouble, trolling, violence, mischief, and aggressiveness. It primarily depicts something or someone that is negative or disliked.

It can also be used for sexual contexts such as wanting to have rough sex.

80. Watermelon 🍉

The watermelon emoji is often seen as a straightforward emoji depicting the fruit itself. But it has two hidden meanings. First, it can be used as slang for a period or cramp because of its red color.

The other hidden meaning of this emoji is it can be used as slang for breasts because of its shape.

81. Face Savoring Food 😋

The face savoring food emoji has a hidden meaning which is often used when flirting online or in text. Its hidden meaning can be suggestive which is to convey appreciation while others use it with a more sexual connotation. For example, when someone posted their hot photos, this emoji in the comment can mean that the person is delicious (in a sexual way).

82. Vulcan Salute 🖖

The Vulcan salute emoji is generally a positive emoji that convey emotions of success, joy, and admiration. However, this is also used secretly by others with sexual meaning which is ‘to fuck someone’s hole using two fingers.”

Source : EmojiSprout

Difference Between Japanese Wagyu and Australian Wagyu

Kimio Osawa wrote . . . . . . . . .

We’re often asked what the difference is between Australian Wagyu and Japanese Wagyu. Whilst both types of Wagyu beef are delicious, here are the reasons why they are different.

Fullblood vs crossbred

Despite Australian Wagyu cattle’s bloodlines originating from Japan, they are bred, fed, grown and processed in Australia.

Our most prevalent Wagyu bloodlines come from the Japanese provinces of Tajima, Tottori, Shimane and Okayama.

But, according to Kimio Osawa, Founder of Osawa Enterprises, most Australian Wagyu cattle are crossbred.

“Over 95% of Australian Wagyu cattle are crossbred with other breeds. This makes them Crossbred or Purebred Wagyu,” Kimio says.

On the other hand, Japanese Wagyu cattle have a pure lineage with no crossbreeding, making them 100% fullblood Wagyu.

Bred, fed, grown and processed in Japan, this makes Japanese Wagyu beef more exclusive and expensive than Australian Wagyu.


Wagyu is famed for its high levels of marbling.

Even though Australian Wagyu beef has large amounts of this intramuscular fat, it is not to the same extent as Japanese Wagyu’s marbling.

“Japanese Wagyu is more marbled than Australian Wagyu,” Kimio says.

Australian Fullblood, Purebred and Crossbred Wagyu beef all have varying levels of marbling.

The Australian beef grading systems are also different from the Japanese grading system.

Our two systems, AUS-MEAT and Meat Standards Australia, both have a marble score from 0 to 9. Australian Wagyu usually gets a 6 score.

In comparison, Japanese Wagyu is world famous for its high levels of marbling.

Japanese Wagyu is graded according to the Japanese Beef Grading System. This system looks at yield from A to C, beef quality from 1 to 5 and a beef marble score from 3 to 12.

Considered the ‘Rolls-Royce’ of beef and also the most marbled, only Japanese Wagyu can receive the prized A5 score.

Texture and size

Whilst Australian Wagyu beef is rich and buttery like Japanese Wagyu, there are some differences when it comes to texture and size.

Australia’s soils, grasses and climate all make Australian Wagyu beef naturally different to Japanese Wagyu.

What’s more, different feeding techniques also impact Wagyu’s texture and size.

Australian Crossbred Wagyu are fed for 350 to 450 days, whilst Japanese Wagyu cattle are fed for 600 days or more.

The long-fed feeding technique makes Japanese Wagyu more tender and larger in size compared to Australian Wagyu.

“Japanese Wagyu is probably twice the size of Australian Wagyu and has a distinctive sweet flavour that comes in through the nose,” Kimio says.

Despite the differences between Australian Wagyu and Japanese Wagyu, both are delicious, which is why we highly recommend that you try both!

Source: Osawa Enterprises

Infographic: 5 Things to Know About Europe’s Scorching Heatwave

See large image . . . . . .

Source : Visual Capitalist

EXPLAINER: What’s in Biden’s Proposed New Asia Trade Pact?

Josh Boak and Aamer Madhani wrote . . . . . . . . .

President Joe Biden faced a dilemma on trade in Asia: He couldn’t just rejoin the Trans-Pacific Partnership that his predecessor had pulled the U.S. out of in 2017. Many related trade deals, regardless of their content, had become politically toxic for U.S. voters, who associated them with job losses.

So Biden came up with a replacement. During Biden’s visit to Tokyo, the U.S. on Monday announced the countries that are joining the new Indo-Pacific Economic Framework. In the tradition of trade deals, it’s best known by its initials: IPEF. (Pronounced EYE-pef.)


The framework has 13 members, including the U.S., that account for 40% of global gross domestic product: Australia, Brunei, India, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.


That’s still to be figured out. Monday’s announcement signals the start of talks among participating countries to decide what will ultimately be in the framework, so the descriptions for now are largely aspirational. In a broad sense, it’s a way for the U.S. to lay down a marker signaling its commitment to remain a leading force in Asia.

“We’re writing the new rules for the 21st century economy,” Biden said at the announcement. “They’re going to help all our countries’ economies grow faster and fairer. We’ll do that by taking on some of the most acute challenges that drag down growth.”

White House national security adviser Jake Sullivan said IPEF is “focused around the further integration of Indo-Pacific economies, setting of standards and rules, particularly in new areas like the digital economy, and also trying to ensure that there are secure and resilient supply chains.”

The idea that new standards for world trade are needed isn’t just about discontent among U.S. voters. It’s a recognition of how the pandemic disrupted the entire scope of supply chains, shuttering factories, delaying cargo ships, clogging ports and causing higher inflation globally. Those vulnerabilities became even clearer in late February after Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered the invasion of Ukraine, causing dangerously high jumps in food and energy costs in parts of the world.


The negotiations with partner countries will revolve around four pillars, or topics, with the work split between the U.S. trade representative and the Commerce Department.

The U.S. trade representative will handle talks on the “fair” trade pillar. This would likely include efforts to shield U.S. workers from job losses as China’s entrance into the World Trade Organization in 2001 led to severe manufacturing layoffs. Those job losses gutted parts of the U.S., angered voters and helped power the political rise of Donald Trump, who, as president, pulled the U.S. out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership almost as soon as he took the oath of office in 2017.

The Commerce Department will oversee negotiations on the other three pillars: supply chain resiliency, infrastructure and climate change, and tax and anti-corruption. Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo flew with Biden on Air Force One to Japan. She was also by the president’s side during his time in South Korea, where he highlighted investments in U.S. factories by automaker Hyundai and the electronics behemoth Samsung.

An added wrinkle is that countries can choose which pillars they want to belong to, according to an administration official. They are not required to back all four.


The White House has said IPEF will be an open platform. But it has faced criticism from the Chinese government that any agreement could be an “exclusive” clique that would lead to greater turmoil in the region.

And there are sensitivities to China, the world’s second-largest economy, in setting up IPEF. The self-ruled island of Taiwan, which China claims as its own, is being excluded from the pact. This exclusion is noteworthy since Taiwan is also a leading manufacturer of computer chips, a key element of the digital economy that will be part of IPEF negotiations.

White House national security adviser Jake Sullivan said Sunday that any trade talks with Taiwan would be done one to one.


Once talks start, negotiations are expected to go 12 to 18 months, an aggressive timeline for a global trade deal, according to an administration official. The official insisted on anonymity to discuss plans and added that building consensus inside the U.S. will also be key.

Source : AP

What Twitter’s ‘Poison Pill’ Is Supposed to Do

Michael Liedtke wrote . . . . . . . . .

Twitter is trying to thwart billionaire Elon Musk’s takeover attempt with a “poison pill” — a financial device that companies have been wielding against unwelcome suitors for decades.


The ingredients of each poison pill vary, but they’re all designed to give corporate boards an option to flood the market with so much newly created stock that a takeover becomes prohibitively expensive. The strategy was popularized back in the 1980s when publicly held companies were being stalked by corporate raiders such as Carl Icahn — now more frequently described as “activist investors.”

Twitter didn’t disclose the details of its poison pill Friday, but said it would provide more information in a forthcoming filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which the company delayed because public markets were closed Friday.

The San Francisco company’s plan will be triggered if a shareholder accumulates a stake of 15% or more. Musk, best known as CEO of electric car maker Tesla, currently holds a roughly 9% stake.


Although they are supposed to help prevent an unsolicited takeover, poison pills also often open the door to further negotiations that can force a bidder to sweeten the deal. If a higher price makes sense to the board, a poison pill can simply be cast aside along with the acrimony it provoked, clearing the way for a sale to completed.

True to form, Twitter left its door open by emphasizing that its poison pill won’t prevent its board from “engaging with parties or accepting an acquisition proposal” at a higher price.

Adopting a poison pill also frequently results in lawsuits alleging that a corporate board and management team is using the tactic to keep their jobs against the best interests of shareholders. These complaints are sometimes filed by shareholders who think a takeover offer is fair and want to cash out at that price or by the bidder vying to make the purchase.


Musk, a prolific tweeter with 82 million followers on Twitter, had no immediate reaction to the company’s poison pill. But on Thursday he indicated he was ready to wage a legal battle.

“If the current Twitter board takes actions contrary to shareholder interests, they would be breaching their fiduciary duty,” Musk tweeted. “The liability they would thereby assume would be titanic in scale.”

Musk has publicly said that its $43 billion bid is his best and final offer for Twitter, but other corporate suitors have made similar statements before ultimately upping the ante. With an estimated fortune of $265 billion, Musk would seem to have deep enough pockets to raise his offer, although he is still working out how to finance the proposed purchase.


Takeover tussles often dissolve into gamesmanship that include poison pills and other maneuvers designed to make a buyout more difficult. That’s what happened in one of the biggest and most drawn out takeover dances in Silicon Valley history..

After business software maker Oracle made an unsolicited $5.1 billion offer for its smaller rival PeopleSoft in June 2003, the two companies spent the next 18 months fighting with each other.

As part of its defense, PeopleSoft not only adopted a poison pill that authorized the board to flood the market with more shares, it also created what it called a “customer assurance program.” That plan promised to pay customers five times the cost of their software licenses if PeopleSoft was sold within the next two years, creating an estimated liability of up to $800 million for an acquiring company.

PeopleSoft also got another helping hand when the U.S. Department of Justice filed an antitrust lawsuit seek to block a takeover, although a judge ruled in Oracle’s favor.

Even though the company ended up selling to Oracle, PeopleSoft’s defense strategy paid off for its shareholders. Oracle’s final purchase price was $11.1 billion — more than twice its original bid.

Source : AP

Omicron BA.2 Variant Takes Over. What’s Known About It?

Laura Ungar wrote . . . . . . . . .

In the latest battle of the coronavirus mutants, an extra-contagious version of omicron has taken over the world.

The coronavirus version known as BA.2 is now dominant in at least 68 countries, including the United States.

The World Health Organization says it makes up about 94% of sequenced omicron cases submitted to an international coronavirus database in the most recent week. And the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says it was responsible for 72% of new U.S. infections last week.

Dr. Wesley Long, a pathologist at Houston Methodist in Texas, said he’s seen BA.2 quickly become dominant in his medical system. At the end of last week, the variant was responsible for more than three-quarters of cases in Houston Methodist hospitals. Less than two weeks earlier, 1% to 3% of cases were caused by BA.2.

“It’s not terribly surprising because it is more contagious” than the original omicron, Long said.

As the variant advances, scientists are learning more about it. But they still don’t know exactly how it will affect the trajectory of the pandemic.


BA.2 has lots of mutations. It’s been dubbed “stealth omicron” because it lacks a genetic quirk of the original omicron that allowed health officials to rapidly differentiate it from the delta variant using a certain PCR test.

One reason BA.2 has gained ground, scientists say, is that it’s about 30% more contagious than the original omicron. In rare cases, research shows it can sicken people even if they’ve already had an omicron infection — although it doesn’t seem to cause more severe disease.

Vaccines appear equally effective against both types of omicron. For both, vaccination plus a booster offers strong protection against severe illness and death.


Coronavirus cases rose in parts of Europe and Asia when BA.2 became dominant, and some scientists are concerned that the variant could also push up cases across the U.S.

Besides being more contagious, it’s spreading at a time when governments are relaxing restrictions designed to control COVID-19. Also, people are taking off their masks and getting back to activities such as traveling, eating indoors at restaurants and attending crowded events.

At this point, overall coronavirus cases in the U.S. are still on the decline. But there have been upticks in some places, including New York, Arizona and Illinois. Health officials have also noted that case counts are getting more unreliable because of the wide availability of home tests and the fact some people are no longer getting tested.

“We’re entering a phase where increasing cases or waves may be very regional and it may depend a lot on vaccination levels in the community — and not just vaccination levels but timing of the vaccinations,” Long said. “How long ago were they? Did people get boosters? Because we know the immunity to the vaccine wanes a little bit over time.”

Long said he feels “very certain” that cases will eventually go back up in the U.S., whether that’s because of BA.2 or some future variant. “If it’s BA.2,” he said, “it may be more of a wave or a speed bump than a surge.”

For now, COVID-19 hospitalizations and deaths are still trending down nationally.


As the coronavirus continues to evolve, the WHO is tracking other mutants, including hybrids known as “recombinants.”

These include combinations of delta and omicron and hybrids of BA.2 and the original omicron, also known as BA.1.

One recombinant that health authorities are tracking closely is a BA.1-BA.2 hybrid called XE, which was first detected in the United Kingdom in January. About 600 cases have been reported, and scientists believe it may be about 10% more contagious than BA.2.


The advice from experts remains the same: Take precautions to avoid getting COVID-19.

“The virus is still out there circulating,” Long said. “Vaccination is still your best defense.”

Get the shots if you haven’t already, he said, and get the second booster if you’re eligible because you are 50 or older or have a compromised immune system.

“If cases start going up in your community, think about assessing your risk level,” Long said. “If you stopped masking and stopped worrying about distancing and things … that’s the time to reinstitute those protective measures.”

Source : AP

Explainer: How Plausible Is Chinese Military Aid for Russia?

The U.S. says Russia has asked China to provide military assistance for its war in Ukraine, and that China has responded affirmatively. Both Moscow and Beijing have denied the allegation, with a Chinese spokesperson dismissing it as “disinformation.”

Still, the claims have generated conjecture over how far Beijing would be willing to go in backing its “most important strategic partner,” as China’s foreign minister recently described Russia.


Following initial reports that Russia had asked China for military aid, unnamed U.S. officials said that Washington had determined that China had sent a signal to Russia: Beijing would be willing to provide both military support for the campaign in Ukraine and financial backing to help stave off the impact of severe sanctions imposed by the West.

At a meeting in Rome on Monday, National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan warned senior Chinese foreign policy adviser Yang Jiechi against providing such support, even as the Kremlin denied requesting military equipment.

The U.S. is wary of China’s intentions because the government of President Xi Jinping has refused to criticize the Russian invasion, even as it seeks to distance itself from the Kremlin’s war by calling for dialogue and reiterating its position that a nation’s territory must be respected.


If anything, smaller items such as bullets and meals are more likely than fighter jets and tanks, experts said.

China “probably wants to avoid high-profile or big-ticket arms sales to Russia in the midst of a conflict which would expose Beijing to international sanctions,” said Drew Thompson, a former U.S. Defense Department official currently at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy in Singapore.

Beijing would be more willing to provide spare parts, consumables, ammunition, and dual-use items that don’t contravene sanctions and could fall below the threshold of international reprisals, Thompson said.

For example, Russian helicopters are likely using up their flares to counter portable short-range missiles like the Stinger. China could conceivably sell Russia some of its flares, if they are compatible with Russian systems, Thompson said. China might also share surveillance and intelligence, he said.

Given Washington’s warnings, any Chinese aid would likely involve “very basic stuff,” such as ration packs for soldiers, said Sam Roggeveen, director of the International Security Program at Australia’s Lowy Institute.

He added that Russia would find it virtually impossible to integrate Chinese armaments into its armed forces on such short notice.


While not impossible, both Chinese and non-Chinese experts say there are several factors working against it. For starters, it could look bad.

“China will be very careful trying its best to avoid its aid and other assistance being used on the battlefields of Ukraine,” said Shi Yinhong, a professor of international relations at Renmin University in Beijing.

He added that China “has no motive to provide any assistance to Russia’s operation in Ukraine.”

Roggeveen concurred that there is no “obvious upside” for China in aiding Moscow, adding that a weakened Russia could work to China’s strategic and economic advantage.

Chinese officials have also said throughout the crisis that the territorial integrity and sovereignty of all countries should be respected — though critics say its refusal to criticize Russia’s invasion is in fundamental contradiction to that position.

“Russia’s military operation in Ukraine has in nature become an invasion, and China will never provide arms to help a country attack another sovereign county and that is not in accordance with international law,” said Li Xin, director of the Institute of European and Asian Studies at Shanghai University of Political Science and Law.

China also does not want to see the conflict worsen or be dragged in as a co-belligerent, so any Chinese support “would be measured and carefully calibrated,” Thompson said.

Source : AP

Ukraine Crisis Tests China-Russia Partnership

Russia’s military buildup along its border with Ukraine is testing the possibility of a Moscow-Beijing axis lining up against the U.S. and its allies.

Russian leader Vladimir Putin’s meeting with Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping in Beijing this month fed speculation that a new alliance could form between the two great powers as they face off with the U.S. over a range of issues.

Russia and China have backed each other’s positions on opposing a NATO expansion in former Soviet republics and buttressing China’s claim to the self-governing island of Taiwan.

But the relationship remains lopsided. China’s confident rise as an economic and political force contrasts with Russia’s growing isolation and reversion to Cold War tactics of intimidation and bullying.

China also remains opposed to actions that could damage its territorial ambitions, from the South China Sea and Taiwan to the Indian border.

Here are some of the main factors driving, and blocking Russo-Chinese relations:


China has not criticized Russia over its moves against Ukraine, and has joined in verbal attacks on Washington and its allies. Addressing the Munich Security Conference over the weekend, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi lashed out against the U.S., accusing “a certain power” of “stirring-up antagonism.”

However, in response to a question from conference Chairman Wolfgang Ischinger, Wang said the “sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of any country should be respected and safeguarded, because this is a basic norm of international relations.”

“Ukraine is no exception,” Wang added.

He also stated that major powers should act in defense of global peace and no country should “repeat the past mistake of forging rival alliances.”

That chimes with China’s longstanding opposition to military alliances and often invoked — but often breached in practice — policy of non-interference in other countries’ internal affairs.

The comments were also in keeping with Beijing’s quest to replace a global order underpinned by alliances it considers threatening to its own development. Those include NATO and newer groupings joining the U.S. with Japan, India, Australia and other states with which China has substantial foreign policy disputes.


Xi and Putin met ahead of the opening ceremony of the recently concluded Winter Olympics in Beijing, after which they issued a lengthy joint communique seen as announcing a new and closer relationship.

The two sides said they “strongly support each other” in confronting what Xi called “regional security threats” and “international strategic stability,” without directly naming the U.S.

The meeting between the leaders marked their 38th contact in person and by phone, a number touted by Beijing as a sign of closeness between the countries that had been rivals for leadership in the Cold War’s socialist bloc.

The fall of the Soviet Union remains an obsession among Chinese Communist leaders, along with Putin, a former officer in the Soviet KGB who shares Xi’s authoritarian leanings and has aligned his foreign policies with those of Beijing while courting China’s market for Russian energy resources and military hardware.

In its own readout of the Xi-Putin meeting, however, China held back on making a full-throated endorsement of Russia’s strategy of attacking alleged Western threats to its security.


China’s Communist Party leadership is believed to be watching the U.S. response to Russia’s actions closely for signs of how Washington would behave if Beijing were to move against Taiwan.

China has been dispatching military aircraft and holding threatening war games in hopes of undermining support in Taiwan for the self-governing island’s de facto independence.

Washington provides Taiwan with fighter jets, warships and other arms and is legally required to consider threats to the island as matters of “grave concern.” That doesn’t obligate the U.S. to intervene militarily on Taiwan’s behalf, but the possibility has not been ruled out, with allies such as Australia and Japan potentially joining in a conflict.


China is not putting its weight behind Russia’s foreign policy gambits, but the frostiness in relations with Washington shows no sign of thawing, said Shi Yinhong, a professor of international relations and director of the Center on American Studies at Beijing’s Renmin University of China.

“I believe that the Chinese government will continue to take care of China itself in the first place rather than take care of Russia,” Shi said. In the meantime, relations with Washington will remain fraught, particularly over the issue of Taiwan.

Beijing blames heightened tensions with the U.S. on what it calls a false depiction of China as a strategic rival.

This week marks the 50th anniversary of Richard Nixon’s visit to China that led to the establishment of formal diplomatic ties in 1979 and a new era of trade and economic relations. No joint celebrations have been announced.

Source : AP

What Are the Key Parts of Ukraine’s Peace Deal?

Vladimir Isachenkov wrote . . . . . . . . .

A peace agreement for the separatist conflict in eastern Ukraine that has never quite ended is back in the spotlight amid a Russian military buildup near the country’s borders and rising tensions about whether Moscow will invade.

Top officials from Russia, Ukraine, France and Germany are meeting Thursday in Berlin to discuss ways of implementing the deal that was signed in Belarusian capital Minsk in 2015.

Here is a look at the document’s key points and the contested issues regarding its implementation:


Russia responded to the February 2014 ouster in Kyiv of a Kremlin-friendly president by annexing Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula and backing a separatist insurgency in the country’s mostly Russian-speaking eastern industrial region known as the Donbas.

Ukrainian troops and volunteer battalions engaged in ferocious and devastating battles with the rebels involving heavy artillery, armor and combat aircraft.

Ukraine and the West accused Russia of backing separatists with troops and weapons. Moscow rejected the accusations, saying that any Russians who fought in the east were volunteers.

Amid the fighting, Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was shot down over eastern Ukraine on July 17, 2014, killing all 298 people aboard. An international investigation concluded the jetliner was destroyed by a missile fired from a rebel-controlled area. It said the weapon was brought into Ukraine from a military base in Russia, but Moscow categorically denied any involvement.

Leaders of France and Germany began efforts to negotiate a truce in talks with Russia and Ukraine when they met in Normandy, France, in June 2014, in what became known as the Normandy format.


After a massive defeat of Ukrainian troops in August 2014, representatives from Kyiv and the rebels signed a truce in Minsk in September 2014.

The document, dubbed Minsk I, envisaged a cease-fire monitored by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, a pullback of foreign fighters, an exchange of prisoners and hostages, an amnesty for the insurgents and a promise that rebel regions could have a degree of self-government.

The agreement collapsed quickly and large-scale battles resumed. In January and February of 2015, Ukrainian troops suffered another major defeat in the battle of Debaltseve.

France and Germany moved quickly to help broker another peace agreement, and on Feb. 12, 2015, representatives of Ukraine, Russia and the rebels signed a deal that envisaged a new cease-fire, a pullback of heavy weapons from the line of contact between the troops and the rebels, and provisions for a political settlement. A declaration in support of the deal was signed by the leaders of Russia, Ukraine, France and Germany.


The deal, dubbed Minsk II, included an OSCE-monitored cease-fire, a pullback of heavy weapons and foreign fighters from the line of contact and an exchange of prisoners.

In a major diplomatic coup for Russia, the document obliged Ukraine to grant special status to the separatist regions, allowing them to create their own police force and have a say in appointing local prosecutors and judges. It also required Kyiv to offer a sweeping amnesty for the separatists and negotiate details of holding local elections with rebel leaders.

It stipulated that Ukraine could only regain control over the border with Russia in rebel regions after they get self-rule and hold OSCE-monitored local elections — balloting that would almost certainly keep pro-Moscow rebels in power there.

In another gain for the Kremlin, the document didn’t contain any obligations on the part of Russia, which insisted it’s not a party to the conflict and cast it as part of Ukraine’s internal affairs.

Many in Ukraine resented the deal, seeing it as a betrayal of national interests and a blow to the country’s integrity. The widespread public dismay has effectively blocked the deal’s implementation.


While the Minsk deal helped end large-scale battles, frequent skirmishes have continued, with both sides blaming each other. The parties have negotiated a long series of renewed cease-fires, but all have been quickly violated.

Ukraine has accused Russia of failing to withdraw its troops from the conflict areas. Moscow has staunchly denied their presence there and pointed to the deployment of Western military instructors in Ukraine.

While denying any military involvement in eastern Ukraine, Russia has offered political and economic support to the rebels and granted citizenship to more than 700,000 residents of the region.

The leaders of Russia, Ukraine, France and Germany pledged adherence to the Minsk agreement when they last met in Paris in December 2019 but made no visible progress.


Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has pushed for another four-way summit, but the Kremlin said it would serve no purpose until Ukraine agrees to abide by the deal’s obligations.

Amid soaring tensions over the Russian military buildup near Ukraine, France and Germany have intensified their efforts to broker more four-way talks on the conflict in the east, seeing that as a possible way to ease tensions in the larger crisis.

Representatives from the four countries met in Paris on Jan. 26, securing no progress but they agreed to hold the session in Berlin on Thursday, with a goal to agree on a common interpretation of the Minsk agreements.

French President Emmanuel Macron sought to revive the Minsk deal during his visits to Moscow and Kyiv this week, describing it as “the only path allowing to build peace … and find a sustainable political solution.”


Facing Western calls for the implementation of the Minsk deal, Ukrainian officials have become increasingly critical of the document.

Oleksiy Danilov, the secretary of Ukraine’s National Security and Defense Council, told The Associated Press last week the deal was signed “under a Russian gun barrel,” and warned that “the fulfillment of the Minsk agreement means the country’s destruction.”

Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba argued that Moscow aims to use the deal to have the rebel regions reintegrated into Ukraine and use them to block the country’s pro-Western aspirations, vowing: “This is not going to happen.”

Zelenskyy was more diplomatic but noted that he dislikes every point of the Minsk document, a comment that drew a taunting and crude remark from Russian President Vladimir Putin.

“Like it or not, you have to bear with it, my beauty,” Putin quipped, using a coarse verse from Russian folklore. “You have to fulfill it. It will not work otherwise.”

Source : AP

What Is Hong Kong’s Dynamic Zero-infection Strategy

Lilian Cheng wrote . . . . . . . . .

Hong Kong’s adoption of the dynamic zero-infection strategy has drawn heated debate as the city struggles to contain a fifth wave of coronavirus infections.

However, Hong Kong has yet to carry out massive containment measures such as a citywide lockdown, universal screening or large-scale quarantine, unlike other mainland Chinese cities.

The Post compares the containment approaches taken by some mainland cities and Hong Kong.

1. What is the dynamic zero-infection strategy?

The mainland adopted the strategy in August last year in its fight against the Delta variant.

It refers to a slew of measures, such as mass testing, stringent border controls, extensive contact tracing and snap lockdowns, aimed at swiftly stamping out new outbreaks when they happen.

A national directive issued in September, for example, suggested local health authorities were required to define their scope of testing based on how an outbreak spread and its risks.

Cities with more than 5 million people are required to finish a round of testing within three days, while smaller cities have two days to do the job. Local authorities are required to test large populations by dividing them into smaller units – such as residential buildings, villages, schools and companies – so that no one is missed.

2. How is the strategy applied on the mainland?

Mainland cities handled the outbreak in different ways under the same national directives.

The northwestern city of Xian – home to about 12.95 million people – was under lockdown for 32 days after reporting more than 150 cases daily at one point last December.

At least 50,000 people were sent to quarantine, while authorities launched several rounds of mass testing involving more than 90 million Covid-19 tests.

Other cities have opted for swift and abrupt lockdowns on a smaller scale.

Shanghai shoppers were trapped in a milk tea store and a branch of a popular Japanese clothing chain, Uniqlo, for two days last month until all staff and visitors tested negative.

Beijing authorities also locked down some housing compounds and tested residents when more than 20 new cases were reported days before the Winter Olympics began.

Analysts said these first-tier cities adopted a different approach as they had more disease management experience and were better equipped, with more medical staff.

For example, Shanghai had about 3,000 full-time epidemiological investigators, 10 times more than Xian. The municipality’s contact-tracing was also more “comprehensive”.

Shanghai did impose “lockdown management” in early February 2020 on 13,000 residential communities and compounds, including stricter controls on the movement of people and vehicles. The measures were gradually relaxed at the end of the month.

3. What about the situation in Hong Kong?

Chief Executive Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor has repeatedly stressed Hong Kong will stand by the dynamic zero-infection strategy, which is more targeted and on a smaller scale.

Tens of thousands of residents have been screened daily for Covid-19 during the fifth wave of infections, after sewage samples in their districts tested positive, or they had visited or lived in places found to have infections.
Instead of universal testing, rapid antigen tests will be distributed to all residents as a supplementary tool for early detection.

A week-long lockdown took place only once on a Kwai Chung public housing estate, involving 2700 households. Other such operations were shorter even if Covid-19 cases were detected.

Close contacts of Covid-19 patients are now allowed to quarantine at home to ease pressure on quarantine facilities.

Flights from nine countries, including the United States and Britain, are banned until March 4.

4. Why does Hong Kong employ a more ‘targeted’ approach?

Hong Kong’s daily coronavirus screening capacity only reached 100,000 in January, and a further 200,000 will be added when a laboratory in Ma On Shan is ready later this month.

Large numbers of residents ordered to undergo compulsory testing have been seen outside testing centres across the city on a daily basis, with some complaining of possible infection due to the long wait. The government has since reduced the number of mandatory tests for residents from three to two, citing the short incubation period for the Omicron variant.

Unlike mainland cities, Hong Kong does not have a system that can track residents’ whereabouts due to privacy concerns. Residents will only be prosecuted if epidemiological investigations reveal they have lied about their whereabouts for contact-tracing purposes.

Use of the “Leave Home Safe” risk-exposure app, introduced in late 2020, is now mandatory to enter a growing list of premises, including restaurants and government facilities. The app does not have a tracking function.

Users now have to upload vaccination records to the app so staff at “high-risk premises” such as restaurants and gyms can scan and keep a record for 31 days.

Stringent social-distancing curbs and travel limitations imposed amid the fifth wave have already drawn criticism from the business sector and are expected to hammer the economy in the first quarter of this year.

5. Can Hong Kong practise ‘mainland-style lockdowns’?

Professor Gabriel Leung, dean of the University of Hong Kong’s faculty of medicine, on Thursday urged the government to consider the feasibility of a longer “lockdown” on a bigger scale, and implement more stringent measures.

Leung had predicted daily case counts could hit 28,000 at their peak, and related deaths could total 1,000 by June, even if current strict social-distancing rules were maintained.

But Anthony Wu Ting-yuk, chairman of Sunrise Diagnostic Centre and a former Hospital Authority chief, brushed aside such a call.

“A citywide lockdown is unnecessary as long as people are working from home and large-scale testing is implemented district by district,” Wu said. “The government will not have enough resources to implement a lockdown on the whole city. But if we have enough manpower, we can lock down a dozen buildings for three days.”

Ip Kwok-him, a member of the Executive Council, Lam’s de facto cabinet, said there were cultural and social differences which made it difficult for Hong Kong to take radical measures.

The city also lacked a tracking system for close contacts that was similar to the mainland’s, he added.
Executive Council convenor Bernard Chan, a top adviser to Lam, said on Thursday he doubted whether a full lockdown was possible.

“We just can’t do it in Hong Kong. We cannot have the same sort of lockdown as in the mainland,” he said.
“We will try to contain the outbreak through quarantine and isolation, and try to bring the number down. We are pretty much buying enough time to get the rest of Hong Kong, especially the most vulnerable group, vaccinated because until then, I don’t think we can afford to overwhelm our health care system.”

6. What’s next?

Beijing officials and state media have warned Hong Kong not to deviate from the dynamic zero-Covid strategy, as any shift towards “living with the virus” would result in disaster for the city, and delay resumption of quarantine-free travel with the mainland.

Mainland officials will meet their Hong Kong counterparts on Saturday to discuss how to help the city fight the fifth wave of infections. The construction of another makeshift hospital of the kind erected in Wuhan in the early days of the pandemic will be among the topics of discussion, according to sources.

Meanwhile, a Guangdong health official said on Friday that hundreds of Cantonese-speaking medical and lab personnel from Guangzhou and Shenzhen had already been dispatched to Hong Kong to lend a hand in laboratories and testing stations, with more set to follow.

Hong Kong’s sole delegate to the nation’s top legislative body, Tam Yiu-chung, said it would be best if Beijing agreed to send 1,000 professionals to the city to help boost testing and quarantine capacities.

Tam said he believed the mainland experts would be able to provide suggestions on whether universal testing or larger-scale lockdowns were needed.

Source : SCMP