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Category Archives: Demographic

Charts: Birth Rates in U.S. and Europe Reverse Down Trend in 2021

Source : Nikkei

Infographic: The 20 Countries With the Fastest Declining Populations

See large image . . . . . .

Source : Visual Capitalist

Charts: Sweden Family Support Expenditures Higher Than Most Developed Countries

Sweden’s birth rate downward trend was halted and stabilized

Source : Nikkei

Chart: EU Population Declines for Its Second Year

Source : Statista

Chart: The Most Populous Nations on Earth

Source : Statista

UN Projects World Population Will Reach 8 billion on Nov. 15 2022

Edith M. Lederer wrote . . . . . . . . .

The United Nations estimated Monday that the world’s population will reach 8 billion on Nov. 15 and that India will replace China as the world’s most populous nation next year.

In a report released on World Population Day, the U.N. also said global population growth fell below 1% in 2020 for the first time since 1950.

According to the latest U.N. projections, the world’s population could grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050 and a peak of around 10.4 billion during the 2080s. It is forecast to remain at that level until 2100.

The report says more than half the projected increase in population up to 2050 will be concentrated in just eight countries: Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.

The report, “World Population Prospects 2022,” puts the world’s population at 7.942 billion now and forecasts it will reach 8 billion in mid-November.

John Wilmoth, director of the U.N. Population Division, said at a news conference to release the report that the date when the U.N.’s projection line crosses 8 billion is Nov. 15.

But, he noted, “we do not pretend that that’s the actual date … and we think that the uncertainty is at least plus or minus a year.”

Source : AP

Chart: The Global Decline of Fertility Rates

20 Things We Learned from China’s 7th Census

Luo Yahan wrote . . . . . . . . .

The detailed results of China’s 7th census came out last week. The survey, conducted in 2020, reported top-line figures a few months ago, but with the release of the full report we can start to dig into details on gender, age, ethnicity, work, housing, household, and migration. There’s a lot to explore in this data, but here’s some of the first things we noticed, from an improving sex ratio to the tiny group of households who reported five generations sharing a single room.

Girls are most often born second

1. Second children are more likely to be girls than first children: in 2021, there were 113 firstborn sons for every 100 firstborn daughters, but only 106 boys born second for every 100 girls. Third children are even more skewed, with 130 boys born per 100 girls.

2. The most skewed generation was born between 2001 and 2005, with 116 boys for every 100 girls.
3. On average, men are better educated than women. Almost 18 million women have only a primary school education, compared to 15.8 million men. But women are more likely to have graduate degrees.

Taking care of the elderly is a growing problem

4. More than 33% of people over the age of 80 live alone.

5. Nearly 40,000 elderly people live alone and are unable to care for themselves, and do not have caregivers.

6. Liaoning province, in the northeastern rust belt, is China’s oldest province. 17.42% of the population is over 65 years old and 25.72% is over 60 years old.

Sixteen families could have seen Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and thought the Buckets had a lot of space

7. China’s densest cities are in Guangdong, which has only 32.28 square meters of housing per urban resident. That’s a bit bigger than a 40-foot shipping container. Rural residents of Jiangxi province have the most space, with 69.16 square meters.

8. But Shanghai has the fewest rooms per resident, with just eight rooms per 10 people.

9. China has 16 households in which five generations or more all live in one room. Five of them are in Guangdong.

10. Out of China’s 48.5 million households, 14% rent their homes. 67% of these pay less than 1,000 yuan ($150) per month.

Ethnic differences

11. Over 28% of people in Tibet over the age of 15 are considered illiterate — at least in Chinese. China defines literacy as mastery of 1,500 Chinese characters for rural people, and 2,000 for urbanites, and does not measure literacy in other languages.

12. In 13,114 households, people living together are registered as members of four or more ethnic groups.

13. The smallest officially recognized ethnic group in the Chinese mainland is the Gaoshan people, the indigenous population of Taiwan. 3,479 people claimed this identity in the census.

China’s biggest international population isn’t in Shanghai

14. There were 845,700 non-citizens living in China when the census was conducted. (That’s been changing fast, with the borders closed)

15. Over 350,000 are from Myanmar.

16. Yunnan province, on the border with Myanmar, had 376,689 non-citizens. 100,195 lived in Shanghai, 78,487 in Guangdong, 22,578 in Guangxi, and 44,997 in Beijing.

17. Almost half — 48.55% — of non-citizens had only a primary school education, or less. A third of non-citizens had lived in China for more than five years.

18. China has 16,595 naturalized citizens.

Zhejiang loves fancy cars

19. Zhejiang province, just south of Shanghai, owns by far the most luxury cars, with over 18% of all cars worth more than 1 million yuan.

20. Nationwide, 42% of households own at least one car.

Source : Sixth Tone

Chart: Japan Birth Rate Down to 1.3 in 2021

The number of births is the lowest ever.

Source : 日本経済新聞社

Infographic: The Yuxi Circle – The World’s Most Densely Populated Area

Yuxi, a city in the Yunnan province of China, has the largest population living within a 4,000 km radius: 4.32 billion.

Put another way? The circle encompasses over 55% of the world’s population, despite including desolate areas like the Taklamakan Desert, the Tibetan Plateau, Mongolia, and Southern Siberia.

Other Densely Populated Areas Around the Globe

Source : Visual Capitalist