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Daily Archives: July 25, 2022

Charts: Sweden Family Support Expenditures Higher Than Most Developed Countries

Sweden’s birth rate downward trend was halted and stabilized

Source : Nikkei

In Pictures: Food of Nobelhart & Schmutzig in Berlin, Germany

Casual Fine Dining Modern European Cuisine

No.17 of the World’s 50 Best Restaurants 2022

Sarcopenia Reversible by Diet

Ying H Gao-Balch wrote . . . . . . . . .

Sarcopenia is a disease associated with aging. This condition cause loss of muscle mass and strength, which affects balance, and overall ability to perform tasks of daily living. What are the factors to impact on muscle loss? Physiological of change with Aging; like hormone decline, unbalance of muscle anabolism and catabolism, protein requirements change, as well become more sedentary of lifestyle. Long-term inflammatory disease can result in the disruption of the healthy balance between teardown and healing processes, the medical conditions that are causing stress on the body.

Along with Aging, the hormones, cytokines make more human pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines, for example, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), Interleukin (IL)-6, and with increasing C-reactive protein, as evidence of systemic inflammation with Aging. More sedentary of lifestyle. Even, periods of decreased activity can become a muscle strength decreases, resulting in more fatigue and making it more challenging to return to regular exercise.

Although some sarcopenias are a natural consequence of Aging, others are preventable. Studies show sarcopenia can be reversed, and muscle loss decreased. A healthy diet and reasonable exercise can reverse sarcopenia, which increases lifespan and improve quality of life.

Three nutrients that fight sarcopenia

First, Protein of intake to digest and absorption with aging-associated with a progressive decline in the sense of test bud, medical conditions with the teeth, gums and swallowing, or increased difficulty shopping and cooking, a diet is providing low calories and low -protein of eating pattern of result in weight loss and diminished muscle mass, lower rates of protein synthesis and whole-body proteolysis in response to an anabolic stimulus. Therefore, protein malnutrition may also play an important role that can make a dramatic difference in muscle function and mass.

The optimal health for older people depends on maintaining muscle mass, which requires higher than minimal amounts of dietary protein. Consuming enough dietary protein directly signals muscle tissue to grow and strengthen. That is why eating more protein is even more critical during the elder years. Whey is the by-product of the liquid remaining after milk has been curdled and strained, that is stimulating of muscle protein synthesis (MPS) to make whey digested more rapidly and to have a higher Leucine content. The amino acid Leucine, which is one of the building blocks of protein, is particularly essential for stimulating muscle growth. There are rich sources of Leucine include whey protein, meat, fish and eggs as well as soy protein isolate.

Dietary guideline for American recommended daily allowance (RDA) or protein, which is only 0.8 grams/kilo/per day dietary protein intake. However, for optimizing physical function with Aging, Nowson and O’Connell recommend a protein intake of to 1.0 to 1.3 grams/kg/per day with resistance exercise.

The second essential nutrient is that Vitamin D, which is the primary function, is cell management. Vitamin D is a hormone, and its activation in the body requires a functioning liver and kidneys. Vitamin D of deficiency is related to sarcopenia; but the exact reason why is not very well understand. Vitamin D functions have activated the innate and reduce the adaptive immune systems. The less intake of vitamin D is associated with Infectious diseases.

The primary natural source of the vitamin D is the synthesis of Vitamin D in the skin from per-Vitamin D through a chemical reaction that is dependent on exposure sun (specifically UVB radiation). For eradicate rickets, milk was fortified vitamin D providing a dietary source of the vitamin. One cup serving of milk provides one day request. The RDA for vitamin D was recently revised. New research indicates that people age 1-70 need 15 micrograms per day, and adults over age 70 need 20 micrograms per day. Most of Dietary Reference Intake (DRI)s go down with age, but the DRI for vitamin D goes up.

The omega -3 fatty acids are beneficial for lowering inflammation levels in healthy people. Consumption of omega−3 fatty acids from seafood reduces blood markers of inflammation such as C-reactive protein, interleukin 6, and TNF alpha. A study of women and men eating a diet and a daily 2g of omega-3fish oil supplement combined with resistance training increased muscle strength are compared without fish oil with resistance training women group, due to the omega-3 fatty acid have benefits to anti-inflammatory. Resulting in research has suggested that omega-3 fatty acids might also signal muscle growth directly.

An omega-3 fatty acid most widely available in oily fish, such those the North Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans including mackerel, salmon, sea bass and halibut, oil fish have around seven times than artificial feeding. Eggs produced by fed a diet with a natural resource contain higher levels of omega-3 fatty acids. Eggs and meat of content with omega -3 of amounted depended on diet feeding. There is no omega -3 fatty acids intake by RDA. The World Health Organization recommends regular fish consumption (1-2 servings per week) as protective against coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke. Sounds of the best way to getting enough to intake omega -3 fatty acids. Whereas, Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recommended for the safely consume up to a total of 3 grams per day, as well with no more than 2 grams per day from dietary supplements.

Conclusion

Optimal health of older people depends on maintaining muscle mass. Optimizing diet and nutrition throughout the life cycle is vital in preventing sarcopenia and promoting functional ability in older age. Nutritional science also faces the challenge to design a balanced diet, which includes adequate protein, vitamin D, and omega -3 fatty acids to meet the nutrient requirements of older people.


Source: Open Access Text

5 Apple iCar Patents That Reveal What the Electric Car Might Be

5 Apple iCar Patents That Reveal What the Electric Car Might Be

Alex Ramos wrote . . . . . . . . .

Speculation regarding the Apple Car continues to heat up, and much of the chatter surrounding the Apple Car is largely based on rumors.

Nonetheless, it is possible to paint a concrete picture of what Apple has in mind for its Apple Car by analyzing this project’s existing patents and patent applications. So, here’s a look at five Apple Car patents and what they reveal about the Apple Car.

1. Guidance System With Gesturing Using iPhone

Apple’s patent application, titled Guidance Of Autonomous Vehicles In Destination Vicinities Using Intent Signals, details how Apple’s autonomous vehicle will successfully navigate difficult routes where some user input might be necessary. The patent application demonstrates how a user might use a mobile device, presumably an iPhone, to guide the autonomous vehicle through a difficult route once it is near the destination.

Apple wants its vehicle to be autonomous, so the driver input must be devoid of any steering wheel or brake pedal modulations. The method Apple has in mind for its Apple car allows the driver to fine-tune the automobile’s direction and ultimate destination by controlling it via gestures and voice commands.

The patent also details how the user can control the vehicle’s displacement through a route using a virtual joystick on the operating mobile device’s screen. This technology would be especially useful when telling the Apple Car where you’d like it to park itself, either next to X or Y in a potentially ambiguous scenario.

This patent application sheds some light on how Apple plans to address some of the pitfalls that might emerge when commuting in a fully autonomous vehicle and demonstrates that user input will be present, at least for the first iteration of its Apple Car.

2. Automatic Charging Station

If Apple’s hiring of a former Ford exec is any indication, things are about to heat up in the electric car segment. But, any serious venture into the electric car market must be accompanied by the appropriate charging infrastructure. Along this line, Apple has been granted a patent described as a “charging station with passive alignment mechanism,” which essentially aims to eliminate the need for driver intervention when charging an electric vehicle.

As per the patent, the vehicle would drive into the charging station and align itself with the charging mechanism without driver intervention. This patent is firmly in line with Apple’s fully autonomous vehicle aspirations.

Once the vehicle is driven near the charging station’s charging area, the alignment mechanism connects itself to the vehicle’s charging port, commencing the recharging process without the need for the driver to be present.

This technology is somewhat comparable to manufacturers that allow the vehicle’s entire battery to be swapped for a fully recharged one because both methods potentially allow the entire process to occur without any driver intervention.

3. Informative Exterior Lighting

Apple filed a patent application relating to an advanced lighting system that displays information to other drivers. This system can use the rear windshield to display information such as a conventional third brake light and even warning text pertinent to the vehicle’s operation status.

The rear window is used as a billboard of sorts to display a warning to other drivers whenever necessary, clearly demonstrating a bias towards the driver-less operation of the Apple Car because this interactive rear window would most definitely hinder the driver’s view when illuminated.

This particular feature seems to be taken straight out of a sci-fi film and could bring forth a revolution in car design. Vehicles are currently in a design rut, even electric ones. The basic design of a vehicle has stayed mostly the same for decades, but Apple seems on track to change the way the industry thinks about automotive design.

4. AR View of the World

AR technology has many cool applications in our daily life, and this system proposed by Apple is no exception. Apple was granted patent #10,922,886 for an augmented reality display, and the use-cases are fascinating. The system gathers data from various sources, potentially cloud-based storage, and creates a virtual overlay of information onto the real-world image of the road ahead.

This information is used to create an AR model that complements the real-world view that the driver is experiencing, helping to display more relevant data about a scene, even parts of it that may be occluded to the driver. The implications of this system as a safety device are fascinating, especially if the driver can benefit from warnings emanating from the AR display regarding the upcoming road conditions which they cannot see with the naked eye.

5. Concealed Interior Touchscreens

Another interesting Apple Car patent described as “concealed user interfaces” describes a system that could become a staple in all future cars. The patent details how touchscreens scattered throughout an interior could remain out of sight while unused, and the instant a hand approaches the system, it would light up, presenting itself to the user.

This technology follows along the lines of what Bentley does with its interior, hiding the navigation system behind a fancy wooden panel. But the Apple Car could potentially take it one step further by scattering these user interfaces throughout the vehicle, potentially in unexpected places like the vehicle’s floor.

Apple’s Self-Driving Car Will Be a High-Tech Auto

The patents covered in this article hint at a self-driving future for the Apple Car. From the informative lighting in the rear window of the Apple Car to the automated charging station, it is clear Apple envisions an autonomous first foray into the automotive industry.

Especially revealing are the patents covering interior elements of the Apple Car, such as the interactive interior that could be filled with countless screens. The fact that Apple is thinking about ways to counter the navigational pitfalls associated with autonomous driving, specifically through passenger input using a mobile device, is also highly indicative of Apple’s autonomous ambitions.


Source : MUD

Chart: China Consumer Confidence Index Plunged in 2022

Source : Bloomberg

The Fed vs. the Economy in the U.S.

James Rickards wrote . . . . . . . . .

Right now, it’s basically a case of the Fed versus the economy. You might say, “Wait a second. Isn’t the Fed supposed to help the economy?”

Well, not exactly. They may want to help the economy, but helping the economy actually isn’t job one. Job one is helping the banks. The Fed was essentially created to prop up the banking system and prevent bank runs.

Everything else it tries to accomplish, such as price stability and maximum employment, comes second.

So it’s not clear that the Fed’s always aligned with the best interests of the economy. People don’t realize that, but it’s important to keep in mind.

Everyone knows the Fed’s raising interest rates right now. But which rates? The rate that the Fed actually raises is called the fed funds target rate. And what is that?

That’s the rate at which banks lend to each other to meet their reserve requirements on an overnight basis. Fed funds are amounts that banks lend to each other to meet overnight reserve requirements.

It’s an extremely short-term rate. The Fed targets that rate as a way to control the money supply and perhaps tweak inflation or achieve other economic goals.

The Fed Is Targeting a Rate That No Longer Exists

I don’t want to get into the mechanics of the banking system, but here’s the essential point I want to make:

There hasn’t been a real fed funds market for about 12 or 13 years, ever since the Fed began flooding the system with money during the Great Financial Crisis. Today, reserves are close to an all-time high.

In other words, the banks have excess reserves. Their actual reserves are multiple trillions of dollars in excess of the requirement. So there is no shortage of reserves.

There’s no overnight lending for reserve requirements, because all the banks have excess reserves.

So the Fed is targeting a rate that doesn’t exist anymore. Why are they doing it?

Banks aren’t lending to each other, but they are lending to the Fed in the form of excess reserves. Those are deposits at the Fed, which the Fed pays interest on. So in a sense, the interest on excess reserves is a modern substitute for the old fed funds rate.

But this money is basically sterilized. It stays within the banking system without making its way into the real economy. That’s why all the QE the Fed engaged in after 2008 never led to consumer price inflation.

The inflation we’re seeing today has nothing to do with QE (more on that in a minute). Now people say the Fed’s raising interest rates. But it’s not that simple.

The Fed Has Limited Influence Over Long-Term Rates

The Fed really only controls that overnight rate. It doesn’t have that type of control over longer-term interest rates like those on the 10-year Treasury note, for example.

The Fed can target 10-year note rates to some extent with quantitative easing or quantitative tightening, through buying and selling them in the market. They can move the rate around a little bit, but that influence is limited.

The market for 10-year Treasuries is much, much larger than the Fed. It’s the deepest and most liquid market in the world.

So the Fed’s really targeting one minor rate, the overnight rate. It’s a really narrow target.

They don’t control long-term interest rates directly, nor do they have the capacity to do so.

So how does raising the fed funds rate reduce inflation?

The Supply Side

There are two major sources of inflation. There’s the supply side and there’s the demand side. Either one of them can drive inflation, but they’re very, very different in terms of how they work.

The supply side, as the name implies, comes from input. The supply just isn’t there. Farm prices are going up because fertilizer prices are going up, partly because of the war in Ukraine. Oil prices are going up because there’s a global shortage, and there’s disruption in supply chains.

Actually, I need to refine my comments about oil shortages. Rising gasoline prices don’t have all that much to do with the oil supply. There’s not a shortage of oil, but in the United States, there’s a shortage of refining capacity.

You don’t put crude oil in your gas tank, you put gasoline in your gas tank, or diesel, or jet fuel, which is basically kerosene. All of it has to be refined, and that’s where the bottleneck is.

Raising Rates Won’t Plant Crops or Increase Oil Production

So there are increasing shortages in some of the refined products, and that also accounts for today’s extremely high prices. And transportation costs go into the prices of everything.

So what can the Fed do about that? Nothing. Does the Fed drill for oil? Does the Fed run a farm? Does the Fed drive a truck? Does the Fed pilot a cargo vessel across the Pacific or load freight at the Port of Los Angeles?

No, they don’t do any of those things, and so they can’t fix that part of the problem. Raising interest rates has no impact on the supply side shortages we’re seeing. And that’s where the inflation’s coming from.

Since the Fed has misdiagnosed the disease, they are applying the wrong medicine. Tight money won’t solve a supply shock. Until the supply shortages are fixed, higher prices will continue. But tight money will hurt consumers, increase the savings rate and raise mortgage interest rates, which hurts housing.

The Demand Side

Then there’s demand-side inflation, called demand-pull inflation. That’s when people build inflation into their day-to-day behavior, when they think inflation’s here to stay.

They say, “Well, I was thinking of buying a new refrigerator. Better go get it today because the price is going up.”

The same logic applies to buying a new car, a new house, etc. The motivation to buy now accelerates demand because consumers think the price will only go up. These expectations can take on a life of their own and feed on themselves as people rush to the stores.

Supply can’t keep up, which is a recipe for higher prices. We’re not there yet. We’re not at the demand-pull side, but we’re dangerously close.

Are you running right out today to go buy a new refrigerator because you fear the price is going up? Probably not. You’re certainly aware of price increases; you see them at the pump and at the grocery store. But at least so far, that part of the behavior has not changed very much.

The Cure May Be Worse Than the Disease

Here’s the point: The Fed can’t create supply but it can destroy demand. If they raise interest rates enough, mortgage rates will rise and monthly payments with them. People will stop buying houses and credit card balances will rise because they’re paying higher interest. Financing starts to dry up, which spreads throughout the economy.

So the Fed can destroy demand, but only at the cost of the economy. It’s one thing if the inflation is coming from the demand side, but it’s not. It’s coming from the supply side, and the Fed can’t do anything about that.

They can destroy enough demand to maybe bring inflation down, but only by destroying the economy. And that’s the point. The idea that the Fed can squash inflation without squashing the economy is false.

I’m afraid we’re going to find that out the hard way.


Source : Daily Reckoning